The KEDB and the Karnataka Forest Department together commissioned a pilot research project which no doubt had its nuances of brevity and also a limit on the spatial coverage, that would support to elucidate extant patterns of the resources used, the aspect of waste generation, rural employment, forest plant and animal community change and the dissemination of the message of conservation. All this with a focus on nature, wildlife and wilderness.


The objective of the study as per the KEDB and KFD directive for the study were as follows:

1. Estimation of the demand for tourism resources of the identified NP’s and the amounts of residuals (positive/negative) disposed to the environment.
2. Analysis of the environmental impacts of tourism on the local communities around the tourism areas.
3. Identification of tourism activities that are compatible / incompatible with the area and suggesting case specific alternatives.

1. What is the revenue generated through tourist expenditure in and around the three project sites?
2. What is the impact of eco-tourism on local businesses and tourist accommodation facilities in the three project sites?
3. What are the socio-economic-cultural effects of ecotourism activities on local communities?

1. Habitats may be viewed in terms of their biotic as well as abiotic components. For the purpose of this short-term study the researcher will look at the habitat’s structural and trophic framework – its vegetation community, together with one abiotic component – soil.
2. The larger objective of the study is to investigate the impact of ecotourism on wild animal habitat and wild animal behaviour.

If the above were the micro objectives, the broad patterns expected to emerge from the study would have two-fold purpose –
(1) to advise the design and drafting of context-specific, democratic and environmentally sound policy for governing such tourism practice, and
(2) to point out lacunae in our understanding of tourism-related fallouts that need to be addressed by longer term, more in-depth studies which will, in turn, facilitate the improvement of policy. The hypothesis of tourism ventures in relation to Eco tourism is well appreciated by researchers, non-governmental organizations (NGO); that they do not embody the facets of benefits to local communities and nature conservation; in fact, Eco tourism has by itself become a misnomer, rather, it is to assess the multi-dimensional impacts of extant tourism practice (the regular kind of tourism) in fragile protected landscapes of high aesthetic and biodiversity value in order to construct a policy framework based on which ecologically, environmentally and socio-economically sound ecotourism practice may be ensured on the ground.